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Identifiant IdRef : 073976164
Notice de type Personne

Forme retenue

Abelson, Philip Hauge (1913-2004)

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Abelson, Philip H.
[Nom de personne]

Information

Langue d'expression : Anglais
Pays : Etats-Unis
Date de naissance : 27 -  04 -  1913
Date de mort : 01 -  08 -  2004
Genre : Masculin

Notes

Note publique d'information : 
Physicien, co-découvreur du Neptunium, concepteur du 1er sous-marin nucléaire, éditeur de Sciencede 1962 à 1984

Source

Internet, authorities.loc.gov/, L.C., 05-09-2003

Internet, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki, le 14-10-2004

Information trouvée : Philip Hauge Abelson (April 27, 1913 - August 1, 2004) was a physicist, editor of scientific literature, and science writer.Philip Abelson was born in 1913. As a young physicist, he collaborated with Nobel Prize winner Luis Alvarez in early nuclear research, and was the co-discoverer of the element Neptunium. He was a key contributor to the Manhattan Project during World War II. Although not formally associated with the atom bomb project, his invention of the Liquid Thermal Diffusion isotope separation technique proved a critical step in creating sufficient fuel for the weapon.After the war, he turned his attention to applying nuclear power to naval propulsion. He wrote the first report detailing how a nuclear reactor could be installed in a submarine, providing both propulsion and electrical power. His report anticipated the nuclear submarine's role as a missile platform. His design was adopted as the basis for the USS Nautilus, the world's first nuclear submarine. Dr. Abelson is known as the "Father of the Nuclear Submarine".From 1951 until 1971 he served as the director of the Carnegie Institution of Washington's Geophysical Laboratory. From 1962 to 1984 he was editor of Science magazine, published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and served as its acting Executive Officer in 1974, 1975 and 1984.

Researches in geochemistry. Volume 2 / Ed. by Philip H. Abelson, [J. Wiley, 1967]

Information trouvée : Directeur du laboratoire de géophysique de la "Carnegie Institution" de Washington, en 1967

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